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"Three orthodox visions of ecumenism". Ivana Noble - Bulgakoviana
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Religion Routledge Religion Companions, Handbooks and Worlds provide authoritative and dynamic overviews of core subjects and topics in religion, edited by leading academics in the field they include original pieces by an international spread of contributors. The Islamic World is an outstanding guide to Islamic faith and culture in all its geographical and historical diversity.
The field of religion and science is one of the most exciting and dynamic areas of research today. The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in the This is the first comprehensive survey in English of research methods in the field of religious studies.
This Companion provides an unrivalled view of the field of modern Christian thought, from the Enlightenment to the twentieth century and beyond. The Medieval period was one of the richest eras for the philosophical study of religion. The early modern period in philosophy - encompassing the 16th to the 18th centuries - reflects a time of social and intellectual turmoil. The Biblical World is a comprehensive guide to the contents, historical settings and social context of the Bible. The Handbook of Contemporary Animism brings together an international team of scholars to examine the full range of animist worldviews and practices.
Islam has long been a part of the West in terms of religion, culture, politics and society. The field of law and religion studies has undergone a profound transformation over the last thirty years, looking beyond traditional relationships between State and religious communities to include ri The shape and course which Christian thought has taken over its history is largely due to the contributions of individuals and communities in the second and third centuries.
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The Routledge Companion to the Practice of Christi This Companion introduces readers to the practice of Christian theology, covering what theologians do, why they do it, and what steps readers can take in order to become theological practitioners them This Handbook provides a cutting-edge survey of the state of research on religions and global development. This volume presents students and scholars with a comprehensive overview of the fascinating world of the occult.
The Routledge History of Medieval Christianity explores the role of Christianity in European society from the middle of the eleventh-century until the dawning of the Reformation. The Routledge Companion to Christianity in Africa offers a multi-disciplinary analysis of the Christian tradition across the African continent and throughout a long historical span.
The Ashgate Research Companion to Contemporary Religion and Sexuality provides academics and students with a comprehensive and authoritative state-of-the-art review of current research in the area of In recent scholarship there is an emerging interest in the integration of philosophy and theology. A comprehensive overview of the latest research in religion and conflict resolution, this collection of twenty three essays brings together leading scholars in the field examining the contribution rel As a religious and social phenomenon Methodism engages with a number of disciplines including history, sociology, gender studies and theology.
The Routledge Handbook of Muslim-Jewish Relations invites readers to deepen their understanding of the historical, social, cultural, and political themes that impact modern-day perceptions of interfai This unique and comprehensive volume looks at the study of literature and religion from a contemporary critical perspective. The moral values and interpretive systems of religions are crucially involved in how people imagine the challenges of sustainability and how societies mobilize to enhance ecosystem resilience and huma John Owen is regarded as one of the greatest theologians Britain ever produced.
Few issues apply universally to people as poignantly as death and dying. The Routledge Handbook of Religion, Spirituality a When religious texts, such as the Bible, have been in conflict with science, the latter has generally been the winner in the debate ; religious beliefs have commonly given way to the power of the scientific method. It has seemed to some that modern science will be able to explain all of the fundamental questions of life with no remainder. Given the advances of science and the retreat of religious beliefs, many in the latter half of the twentieth century agreed with the general Freudian view that a new era was on the horizon in which the infantile illusions, or perhaps delusions, of religion would soon go the way of the ancient Greek and Roman gods.
With the onset of the twenty-first century, however, a new narrative has emerged. Religion has not fallen into oblivion, as many anticipated; in fact, religious belief is on the rise.
Many factors account for this, including challenges to psychological and sociological theories which hold belief in God to be pathological or neurotic. In recent decades these theories have themselves been challenged by medical and psychological research, being understood by many to be theories designed primarily to destroy belief in God. Another important factor is the increase in the number of believing and outspoken scientists, such as Francis Collins, the director of the human genome project.
But despite this orchestrated opposition arguing the falsity and incoherence of theism, it has proved rather resilient. Indeed, the twenty-first century is reflecting a renewed interest in philosophical theism. Philosophical challenges to theism have also included the claim that the very concept of God makes no sense—that the attributes ascribed to God are logically incoherent either individually or collectively. There are first-rate philosophers today who argue that theism is coherent and others of equal stature who argue that theism is incoherent.
Much of the criticism of the concept of theism has focused on God as understood in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, but it is also relevant to the theistic elements found within Mahayana Buddhism, Hinduism, Confucianism, and certain forms of African and Native American religions.
The question of whether theism is coherent is an important one, for if there is reason to believe that theism is incoherent, theistic belief is in an important sense undermined. The logical consistency of each of the divine attributes of classical theism has been challenged by both adherents and non-adherents of theism.
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Consider the divine attribute of omniscience. If God knows what you will freely do tomorrow, then it is the case now that you will indeed do that tomorrow. But how can you be free not to do that thing tomorrow if it is true now that you will in fact freely do that thing tomorrow? There is a vast array of replies to this puzzle, but some philosophers conclude that omniscience is incompatible with future free action and that, since there is future free action, God—if God exists—is not omniscient. Another objection to the coherence of theism has to do with the divine attribute of omnipotence and is referred to as the stone paradox.
An omnipotent being, as traditionally understood, is a being who can bring about anything. So, an omnipotent being could create a stone that was too heavy for such a being to lift. But if he could not lift the stone, he would not be omnipotent, and if he could not make such a stone, he would not be omnipotent.
Hence, no such being exists. A number of replies have been offered to this puzzle, but some philosophers conclude that the notion of omnipotence as traditionally defined is incoherent and must be redefined if the concept of God is to remain a plausible one. Arguments for the incoherence of theism have been offered for each of the divine attributes. While there have been many challenges to the classical attributes of God, there are also contemporary philosophers and theologians who have defended each of them as traditionally understood.
There is much lively discussion currently underway by those defending both the classical and neo-classical views of God. But not all theistic philosophers and theologians have believed that the truths of religious beliefs can be or even should be demonstrated or rationally justified. Perhaps the most compelling and noteworthy argument against theism is what is referred to as the problem of evil. Philosophers of the East and the West have long recognized that difficulties arise for one who affirms both the existence of an omnipotent and omnibenevolent God and the reality of evil.
David Hume, quoting the ancient Greek thinker Epicurus — B.
The Gnostic World (Routledge Worlds) [Hardcover]
Is he [God] willing to prevent evil, but not able? Is he able, but not willing? Is he both able and willing? There are different ways the problem of evil can be formulated.
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One formulation is construed as a logical problem. For the logical problem of evil , it is asserted that the two claims, 1 an omnipotent and omnibenevolent God exists, and 2 evil exists, are logically incompatible. Since evil ostensibly exists, the argument goes, God understood traditionally as being omnipotent and omnibenevolent must not exist.